April 19, 2024

First published in Exchange, the magazine of the Brigham Young University School of Business, the following twelve categories were developed to cover the root or cause of most ethical business dilemmas that one might encounter in their jobs. I have summarized them to keep them short and simple.

1. Taking Things That Don’t Belong To You
Everything from taking highlighters from the storage room, to sending personal mail through the mailroom, to downloading unauthorized games to play on your work computer fall into this category. A CFO of a major corporation took a cab from the airport to his home in the city. When he asked the cabbie for receipt, he was handed a full book of blank receipts. Apparently this dilemma of accurately reporting business expenses involves more than just one employee.

2. Saying Things That You Know Are Not True
When a car salesperson insists to a customer that a used car has not been in a previous accident, when it has, an ethical breach has occurred. When a clerk in a store assures a customer that a product has a money-back guarantee, when only trade-ins are allowed, another ethical violation occurred (and perhaps a violation of the law).

3. Giving Or Allowing False Impressions
There is an urban legend in which 2 CD’s were being sold on a TV infomercial that claimed that that all the hits of the 1980’s were on the CDs. The infomercial emphasized over and over again that all songs were performed by the original artists. When they received the CDs, upon closer inspection, they found that all songs had been covered by a band called The Original Artists. While technically true, the impression given by the infomercial was false.

4. Buying Influence or Engaging in Conflict of Interest
When a company awards a construction contract to an organization owned by the brother of the attorney general, or when a county committee who is charged with choosing a new road construction company is traveling around the state looking at roads at the expense of one of the bidders, a conflict of interest arises which might affect the results of that choice.

5. Hiding or Divulging Information
Failing to divulge information from the results of a study on the safety of a new product, or choosing to take your companies proprietary product information to a new job are examples that fall into this category.

6. Taking Unfair Advantage
Have you ever wondered why there seem to be so many product safety rules and procedures? It is primarily the result of laws passed by government institutions to protect the consumer from companies that previously took unfair advantage of them because of their lack of knowledge or through complex contractual obligations.

7. Committing Acts of Personal Decadence
Over time, it has become increasing clear that the acts of employees outside of work can have a negative effect on a businesses image. This is one of the primary reasons companies are minimizing social interactions or events, outside of the office, so that drug or alcohol related events can not be tracked back to the company.

8. Perpetuating Interpersonal Abuse
At the heart of this category of ethical misbehavior is the abuse of employees through sexual harassment, verbal lashing, or public humiliation by a company leader.

9. Permitting Organizational Abuse
When an organization chooses to operate in another country, it sometimes butts up against social culture in which child labor, demeaning work environments or excessive hours are required. It is at this point that the leaders of the company have a choice…whether to perpetuate that abuse or alleviate it.

10. Violating Rules
In some cases, people or organizations violate rules to expedite a process or decision. In many of these cases, the results would have been the same regardless, but by violating the rules or required procedures for that outcome, they can potentially scar the reputation of the organization they work for.

11. Condoning Unethical Actions
Suppose you are at work one day and you notice that a colleague of yours is using petty cash for personal purchases and fail to report it. Perhaps you know that a new product in development has safety issues, but you don’t speak out. In these examples, failing to do right creates a wrong.

12. Balancing Ethical Dilemmas
What about a situation that would be considered neither right, nor wrong? What should be done here? Should Google or Microsoft do business in China when human rights violations are committed daily? Sometimes an organization must balance the need to do business with any ethical dilemmas that might arise from doing business.

Filing for a Pedestrian Accident Charges

When it comes to filing charges related to a pedestrian accident, it’s essential to understand the circumstances and the laws governing such incidents. One common charge that may apply in cases where a driver does not yield to pedestrians is “Failure to Yield to Pedestrians.” This charge is typically brought against drivers who do not give the right-of-way to pedestrians, particularly at intersections or in crosswalks. Here are some key points to consider regarding pedestrian accidents and charges in Utah:

1. Types of Crosswalks in Utah:

  • In Utah, there are two main types of crosswalks that dictate how drivers should behave: a. Zebra-Style Crosswalks: These crosswalks require drivers to wait until pedestrians have completely crossed the road before they can continue driving. Zebra-style crosswalks are commonly used in school zones to protect students and crossing guards. They are also found in busy city areas with high traffic volume. b. Parallel Crosswalks: In parallel crosswalks, drivers are allowed to continue once the pedestrian is a safe distance away, even if the pedestrian is still crossing. This type of crosswalk is more prevalent at four-way stops or areas with a significant number of pedestrians.

2. Statistics on Pedestrian Accidents:

  • It’s important to note that a significant portion of pedestrian accidents occur at crosswalks in Utah. According to statistics:
    • 44{b930f8fc61da1f29cba34a8cbe30670691f63878f9c98a2d7d5d6527da1fb8f3} of pedestrian accidents occur at marked crosswalks.
    • 7{b930f8fc61da1f29cba34a8cbe30670691f63878f9c98a2d7d5d6527da1fb8f3} of pedestrian accidents occur at unmarked crosswalks.

3. Consequences of Crosswalk Accidents:

  • Crosswalk accidents can result in serious injuries to pedestrians, leading to substantial medical bills and other damages.

4. Legal Assistance:

  • If you’ve been involved in a crosswalk accident as a pedestrian, or if you believe a driver’s failure to yield to you as a pedestrian has led to an accident, seeking legal assistance is crucial.
  • ReshLaw Accident & Injury is a law firm specializing in crosswalk accidents. Their experienced team has handled numerous crosswalk accident cases and understands the complexities involved. If you are a victim of a crosswalk accident in Utah, their crosswalk accident lawyers can provide the guidance and representation you need.

In summary, when considering filing charges related to a pedestrian accident, it’s important to understand the specific circumstances, the type of crosswalk involved, and the relevant traffic laws in your jurisdiction. Seeking legal counsel, especially from a specialized firm like ReshLaw Accident & Injury, can be invaluable in pursuing justice and compensation for your injuries and damages resulting from a failure to yield to pedestrians.